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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

72                                         FLORA INDICA.                      \jMagnoliacecK.

in a very imperfect state,                                     .

pears suih'cient to call attention to this plant j we really know nothing of the varia-
tions and mode of growth of these trees, and to found species on single specimens,
especially where the flowers and leaves are detached, as is almost always the ease in
this genus, would lead to irremediable confusion.

III. MAGNOLIACE^J.
Floret hermaphrocliti, rarissime mrisexuales. Sqpala et petnla \ypo-
gyna, ternatim (rarissime quinatiua) pluriserialia, acstivatione imb'ricata,
decidua. Stamina indefinita, circa torum cylindrical!* iuscrta, libcra;
att^/wr^basifixre, loculis linearibus lateraliter vel introrse dehisccutibus.
Ovana plurima (rarissime pauca aut solitaria), discreta sive lateraliter
inter se cohaerentia, tiniserialiter.verticillata vcl siupius supra torum
elongatuin spicatim disposita, unilocularia. Oeula in sutura ventrali &
vcl plura, rarius c basi adscendcutia solitaria, anatropa. JSuibryo in
basi albuniims copiosi oleosi 11011 ruminuti, minutns, lulo proximus.—
Arbores vel frutices scope aromatica; foliis alternix siwplicibw iuteger-
rimis, stipulis lateralibtts peliolo aduaiis. cito deculitia, rarius nidlis.
In this family the petals arc always imbricated in more than one row, or, in other
words, the perianth always cousins of more than two scries. The sepals are often
identical iu texture and ujipe-irauee with the petals, but sometimes they arc readily
distinguishable from them, and they arc then usually three iu numbiT. In the Indian
species this ternary arrangcmiMt occurs more or less distinctly in all the species
which we have had an opportunity of examining; hut other authors describe the
perianth of some species as pentamerous.
"We follow the usual course in including IFititerea as a tribe of MagHoliacea. The
absence of stipules, however, is so very marked a character, in an Order in which
these organs are so constantly and conspicuously present, that it may be questioned
whether it would not be more advisable lo separate them, This is, however, a mat-
ter of little consequence, till the systematic value of natural groups is better esta-
blished, as their position would iu any cube remit!u the *awe, their afliuity being much
greater with Magnolia, and its allies than with any other group.
The stipulation of Sfetgntttietcet* is very peculiar. In the leaf-bud cacli scnlr. is
composed of a pair of stipules at first united throughout their whole length, but lat-
terly ..'more or less split. From the dor»mn of the scale, at a distance below the apex,
which varies in each species, rises the rudimentary leaf, \\hich is longitudinally folded
inwards in vernation-. In the outermost, scale of the bud the foliaceous portion of the
leaf is usually very small, and fulls away at a very early period, leaving a distinct
cicatrix at the top of the very evident petiole, along which the two stipules, which
are united to form the scale, arc adherent. After the development of the branch* the
stipules remain at first adherent to the petiole on each side, but very soon wither and
fall off, leaving an elongated cicatrix on the petiole, which varies iu -proportional
length to the petiole on the dilferent species.
In the flower-bud the spathcs are exactly analogous to the scales of the leaf-bud;
but the tendency to development is in reverse order: the innermost, which* i.s ad-
predscd to the flower, rarely shows any tendency to leaf-development, but splits to
the base before fulling oif; while in the outer bpathes the petiole is generally distinct*
with a ?car at its apex marRing the spot from whioh the rudimentary leaf hns fallen